Since the loading of the first tanker in 2001, Transneft has shipped for export through
Transneft Primorsk Port (Leningrad Region) a total of one billion tonnes of oil. The jubilee, billionth tonne was shipped on 27 May 2021 on the Tigani tanker.
A total of 10,076 oil tankers and 4,475 petroleum products tankers were handled in the port of Primorsk. The total amount of hydrocarbons shipped at the port since the work start has reached 1.137 billion tonnes.
The port of Primorsk is a modern high-tech company that meets all requirements of industrial and environmental safety. It is located on the Bjerkesund Strait, the Gulf of Finland, Leningrad Region, on 199 ha and is the end point of the BPS I (Baltic Pipeline System I) oil trunk pipelines (BTS I is operated by Transneft Baltic) and the Sever Project petroleum products pipelines. The port has an annual shipment capacity of 60 million tonnes of oil and 25 million tonnes of petroleum products. Export is carried out to the Netherlands, Finland, Sweden, Germany, Great Britain, France and other countries. For crude to be loaded, the port receives Aframax tank ships with deadweight reaching 120,000 tonnes and Suezmax tankers with deadweight reaching 150,000 tonnes. Petroleum products are loaded onto tankers with deadweight ranging from 22,000 to 150,000 tonnes (Seawaymax, Panamax and Aframax ships). The terminal is the largest oil and petroleum products transshipment port in Northwest Russia.
The creation of an oil port on Russia's Baltic Sea coast was determined by the Russian government due to the need to diversify oil export flows. The first tanker loaded with oil in the port of Primorsk on 27 December 2001 in the presence of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin was the Petrokrepost vessel.
In 2008, the Vtorovo – Yaroslavl – Kirishi – Primorsk petroleum products pipeline was commissioned to export light petroleum products to European countries (the Sever Project). The first tanker with petroleum products was dispatched in May 2008. In 2017, Transneft implemented the Sever-25 project which allowed to increase the technical ability to export Euro-5 diesel fuel through the port of Primorsk from 8.5 to 25 million tonnes per year.
Transneft Primorsk Port
The following capacities of Oil Depot No. 1 are used to transship crude oil through the port of Primorsk: a tank farm with 17 oil reception and storage tanks; a process pipelines system with gate valves units; 2 loading pump stations; 3 simultaneous loading berths with a total capacity of 30,000 m3 per hour; 5 systems for fiscal measurement of oil quantity and quality; a chemical and analytical laboratory for oil quality control; treatment plants and an environmental analysis laboratory; a firehouse; 4 cargo berths with a total length of 1,350 m; a comprehensive automatic fire-extinguishing system.
For transshipment of petroleum products through the port of Primorsk, the following are used:
- capacities of Oil Depot No. 2 (petroleum products): a farm of 15 tanks; a pump station for the petroleum products unloading, equipped with 4 pump units with a capacity of 2 x 1250 m3 per hour and 2 x 3600 m3 per hour; a complex of treatment plants; a gas power plant consisting of 4 gas engines with a total capacity of 5.6 MW and storage tanks for liquefied gas with a total capacity of 110 tonnes (5 x 22); 2 cargo berths: No. 8, 353 m long, and No. 9, 334 m long. 4 units for fiscal measurement of petroleum products quality and quantity; a chemical analytical laboratory for control of petroleum products quality;
- capacities of Oil Depot No. 1: a farm of 6 tanks; a pump station for petroleum products unloading, equipped with 3 pump units with a capacity of 3,600 m3 per hour; a system of process pipelines with process gate valves units; 2 cargo berths No. 3 and No. 4 intended for oil and petroleum products shipment; 3 systems for fiscal measurement of petroleum products quality and quantity.
Transneft Baltic is a Transneft subsidiary established on 15 September 2000 for the purpose of construction and further operation of the existing oil and petroleum products trunk pipelines of the Baltic Pipeline System.
Transneft Baltic organises and ensures the transportation of oil and petroleum products via the trunk pipeline system for export through the ports of Primorsk and Ust-Luga to Russian refineries and for domestic consumers.
The supply of oil and petroleum products to the port of Primorsk is one of the key activities of Transneft Baltic. The total length of oil and petroleum products trunk pipelines located in the company's area of responsibility, providing supplies to Primorsk, is 2,574 km. There are 9 pumping stations.
In total, Transneft Baltic's operating facilities include: 3,447 km of oil trunk pipelines (calculated as a single line) with diameters ranging from 530 to 1,067 mm; 1,912 km of petroleum products trunk pipelines with diameters ranging from 219 to 720 mm; underwater crossings, including through such major rivers as the Volga, the Dnieper, the Neva and the Volkhov; 37 oil and petroleum products pumping stations and a tank farm.
Transneft Baltic includes 5 branches: the Novgorod, the Yaroslavl and the Leningrad Regional Oil Pipeline Directorates, the Ust-Luga Oil Depot, the Base of Production and Technical Maintenance and Equipment Procurement. The company’s central office is located in Saint Petersburg.